Birth

What is a Consular Report of Birth Abroad?

A Consular Report of Birth (CRBA) is evidence of United States citizenship, issued to a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent or parents who meet the requirements for transmitting citizenship under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).  A CRBA documents the birth of a United States citizen in a foreign country. It is accepted by all U.S. Government agencies as proof of a child’s U.S. citizenship. Although not technically a birth certificate (which can only be issued by the local jurisdiction where your child was born), the CRBA can be used in the U.S. in the same way as a birth certificate issued by a city or county registrar’s office. You may apply for a child’s U.S. passport at the same time you apply for the CRBA.

Effective October 1, 2017, the U.S. Embassy in Hanoi and U.S. Consulate General in Ho Chi Minh City no longer provide support services for the Social Security Administration (SSA).  To apply for a child’s Social Security number/card, you must contact the SSA Federal Benefits Unit (FBU) located in the Philippines.  Please visit their webpage at https://ph.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/social-security/ or https://www.ssa.gov.

The U.S. Citizen Services sections at the U.S. Embassy in Hanoi and U.S. Consulate in Ho Chi Minh City accept applications for Consular Reports of Birth Abroad (CRBA) by appointment only.  Follow the steps below to schedule your appointment.  Applications for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad for children born in Hue and south of Hue are processed at Consulate General in Ho Chi Minh City. If the child was born in another country, we can only collect the application and supporting documents and forward them to the relevant U.S. Embassy or Consulate General in that country for adjudication.

When should I get a CRBA for my child?

As U.S. citizen parent(s), you should report your child’s birth abroad as soon as possible to the U.S. Embassy or Consulate to establish an official record of the child’s claim to U.S. citizenship at birth. The official record will be the Consular Report of Birth Abroad, Form FS-240 which is a basic United States citizenship document.

CRBA applications must be made before the child’s 18th birthday, and we recommend that the parents apply for the CRBA as soon as possible after the child’s birth. For applicants older than age 18 who have never been issued a CRBA, please refer to Possible Derivative Claim to U.S. Citizenship. Anyone who has a claim to U.S. citizenship must be in posession of a valid U.S passport to enter and exit the United States, even if they have citizenship of another country, as well.

Children with a potential claim to U.S. citizenship are not eligible to receive U.S. immigrant visas or non-immigrant visas. Parents need to apply for a U.S. Consular Report of Birth and passport for their child to enter the U.S.

Is my child a U.S. citizen?

Most, but not all, children born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent are eligible to be documented as U.S. citizens through issuance of a Consular Report of Birth Abroad and U.S. passport.  There are certain requirements the U.S. citizen parent must meet in order to ‘transmit’ their citizenship to their child.

I’m ready to make my appointment.

If you are ready to make your appointment, please follow these steps.